Planning in University of medical sciences: Challenges and solutions

Document Type : Original Research Article

Authors

1 School of Public Health, Health information management research center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Planning involves choosing the right goals and the right way to achieve them goals. University managers face a number of challenges that prevent them from achieving their goals effectively and efficiently. This study aimed to identify planning challenges and their solutions in the university.

Methods: This case study was conducted qualitatively in 2018 in 11 faculties of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The research population included senior, middle and operational managers of the university. Sampling was done purposefully with maximum variety and continued until data saturation (91 interviews). In-depth semi-structured interview method was used along with document review for data collection. Thematic analysis method with MAXQDA11 software was used for data analysis.

Results: Senior managers’ turnover, insufficient managers’ commitment, lack of belief in planning, lack of authority and power, failure history of previous plans, non-operational plans, incompatibility of goals with activities, lack of proper planning model, people resistance to plans, lack of a culture of teamwork, lack of effective communication between managers and employees, and lack of funds, were the most important challenges of planning. Solutions include strengthening managers’ and employees’ commitment, strengthening the culture of participation and teamwork, formulating the plans based on organizational needs, continuous training of staff, improving communication between managers and employees, and regular evaluation of the plans, internally and externally.

Conclusion: Poor management and leadership, poor planning, weak organizational culture, lack of attention to organizational learning and poor management of staff, resources and working processes are the main obstacles to planning for university managers.

Keywords


1. OECD (2007) Funding Systems and Their Effects on Higher Education Systems: Country study-Austria, OECD.
2. Esa Samari, Mohammad Yomni Douzi Sorkhabi, Ibrahim Salehi Imran, Gholamreza Geraninejad(2013). Investigation and identification of effective factors in the process of university development in Iranian public universities.
3. Arasteh, H. (2000), Leadership and Management in Higher Education. Tehran, publishing company bazargan.
4.khorshidi A, Mahdavi M, Salmani Qahbazi A(2004). Factors and indicators affecting the productivity of universities and higher education center.
5. Ghorchian, J. R. (2009). Designing a Model for Performance Evaluation of Units of Islamic Azad University based on Organizational Excellence Indicators. Journal of Research in Educational Management, 1, (In Persian).
6. Saatsaz M. A (2019). Historical investigation on water resources management in Iran. Environment, Development and Sustainability.
7. Khastar H, Batmani M A, Omidian M. Universities Strategic Planning based on organizational life cycle: A case study. MIU(2016)  4;(2): 227-240
8. Lyons JB, Jordan J, Faas P, Swindler S. Organizational development goes digital: Applying simulation to organizational change. Journal of Change Management. 2011;11(2):207-21.
9. Lyons JB, Jordan J, Faas P, Swindler S. Organizational development goes digital: Applying simulation to organizational change. Journal of Change Management. 2011;11(2):207-21.
10. Roger D WaD, Joseph R. Mass Media Research (2005). First ed. Tehran: Soroush
11. Robert Y (1997). Case study. Second ed. Tehran: Cultural Research Office
12. Meredith Ge(2004). Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods in Educational Sciences and Psychology. First ed. Tehran: Samt and Publications of Shahid Beheshti University.
13. Bazargan A (2008). Introduction to Qualitative and Mixed Research Methods. First ed. Tehran: Didar.
14. Tehran University of Medical Sciences(2020).https://www.tums.ac.ir.
15. Neuman LW. Social research methods, 6/E. Pearson Education India; 2007.
16. Agar M. Stories, background knowledge and themes: Problems in the analysis of life history narrative. American Ethnologist. 1980;7(2):223-39.
17. Maxwell JA(2012). Qualitative research design: An interactive approach: Sage publications.
18. Morse JM, Field P-A(1995). Qualitative research methods for health professionals: SAGE publications Thousand Oaks, CA
19. Braun V, Clarke V. Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology. 2006;3(2):77-101.