عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and objective: Today, social capital has much more important role than physical and human
capital in organizations and societies. In absence of social capital, all other capitals will lose their effectiveness.
This study aims to determine and compare social capital status of education development & studies centers from
the viewpoint of managers and personnel of these centers in the Universities of Medical Sciences of the country.
Methods and Materials: This descriptive – analytical study was a comparative and cross-sectional one that
was performed since Oct. 2015 afterwards, and moreover a census sampling was applied.
Research tool was questionnaire based on Nahapiet and Ghoshal Model (1998) and studied different aspects of
social capital in three different dimensions of cognitive, relational and structural; and it was marked according to
5-point Likert scale. The validity and reliability [90%] of the questionnaire were approved by many researchers.
Results: According to the present study, social capital mean between managers and personnel was
average”[mean:0/08 – sd:0/12 ]; social capital mean of managers was slightly more [ mean:3/57 – sd:0/05] than
the personnel’s [ mean:3/56- sd:0/11]; however, there was no significant difference between social capital of the
managers and the personnel of education development and studies centers in Universities of Medical Sciences
of the country.
Conclusion: The results show that the relational capital has the most mean among social capital dimensions
between personnel and managers; also commitments and expectations dimensions from among other relational
capital dimensions with emphasis on the obligation of cooperation inside the organization has the highest score
among the experts; and for managers under study, trust dimension out of relational capital dimensions with
emphasis on mutual trust and honesty in available relations of the organization, has the highest score among
social capital dimensions. Moreover, it is distinguished that there is no significant difference between none of
the social capital among managers and personnel of education development & studies centers in Universities of
Medical Sciences of the country