عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction:Gingivitis is the most common form of periodontal diseases. Dental plaque is known as
an essential cause of gingivitis. Because of the inability of many people to maintain adequate levels of
plaque control through mechanical methods, Use of antimicrobial mouth rinses has been recommended
as an adjunct to usual oral hygiene. Aim of present study was to determine the clinical anti plaque and anti
gingivitis effects of Irsha and Listerine antiseptic mouth rinses.
Method and material: This clinical study was a double-blinde, randomized, 21day trial which included
30 patients ranging in age from 18-24, with mild to moderate gingivitis. Exclusion criteria included previous
scaling and polishing, effective systemic disease on our study process and history of smoking, etc.
Plaque index(silness & loe 1964), modified gingival index(lobene 1986), papillary bleeding index(saxer
& muhelmann 1975) were scored at baseline. Participants were assigned by a random code to one of
three groups: Irsha antiseptic, Listerine antiseptic, normal saline (control group). All solutions were kept
in the same bottles. At baseline, participants were refrain from all oral hygiene procedures for a period 72
hours during which they rinsed twice daily for 30 seconds with 15 ml of one of the mouthwashes. At day
3, all volunteers were recalled and we record mention indexes. Subjects of control group received scaling
and dental prophylaxis and excluded from study. Subjects in Irsha and Listerine antiseptic groups follow
their usual oral hygiene habits in addition to mouth rinsing. Subjects return to clinic after 2 weeks for final
assessment of indices. Then they received scaling and dental prophylaxis.
Resuls: Both Irsha and Listerine antiseptic reduced papillay bleeding index. In both groups plaque index
was reduced when mouth rinses were used at supplements to mechanical oral hygiene methods. Only
Listerine antiseptic was effective in improving modified gingival index when it was used as an adjunct to
usual oral hygiene methods.
Conclusion: Both Irsha antiseptic and Listerine antiseptic were effective in reducting plaque and
gingivitis. But Listerine antiseptic was more effective in improving gingival inflammation.