متغیرهای اقتصادی-اجتماعی و سلامت جامعه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی


عنوان مقاله [English]

Socioeconomic variables and health of society

چکیده [English]

Introduction: In most countries, socioeconomic status and demographic characteristics are somehow
associated with all health consequences. Generally, the health problems and mortality among people who
live in lower socioeconomic levels is higher, and the extent of those varies according to age, gender and
race. It seems that the main factor for the differences is in the socioeconomic level.
Materials and Methods: This is a review study, and related articles were collected by searching the
keywords like socio - economic status, health outcomes, health behaviors, life expectancy in the published
literature and databases such as: Web of Science, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Springer and Google.
This study has compared the effects and interactions between health variables and demographic variables.
Results: In recent decades, several studies have shown positive relationship between individual’s
socioeconomic statuses (SES) with their health. This Studies have shown that the individual’s socioeconomic
status (age, sex, race, location and migration, education, income, occupation, etc.) are closely associated
with mortality, life expectancy, disease, health behaviors, and access to health services in the western
countries, but this relationship has not been yet established in the other countries and this relationship
should be separately examine in every country based on economic, social, and demographic characteristics
of the country.
Conclusion: The results of studies show that socioeconomic status indicators have a strong relationship
with the social and community health and economic growth.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Socioeconomic status (SES)
  • Health of society
  • culture
  • life expectancy