حرکت به سوی نسل سوم دانشگاههای علوم پزشکی، راهبردی برای اقتصاد دانش بنیان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه مدیریت آموزشی / دانشکده مدیریت / دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران غرب

چکیده

زمینهوهدف: کارآفرینی به طور قابل توجهی در دهه گذشته رشد چشمگیری داشته و راه های جدیدی برای اقتصاد نوظهور نشان داده شده است. با این توسعه، آموزش کارآفرینی ضروری شده است. جامعه به دنبال یک راهنما برای ایجاد فرصت های جدید کسب و کار است و به نوآوری به روشهای مختلف کمک می کند.
روش بررسی: در این پژوهش که از روش تحلیلی و توصیفی استفاده شده است، به منظور درک مفاهیم دانشگاه نسل سوم، کارآفرینی، اقتصاد دانش بنیان، به پیشینه موضوع به صورت مطالعه کتابخانه ای و اسنادی پرداخته شده است. جهت تشریح تأثیر دانشگاه بر اقتصاد و ساختارهای لازم برای حرکت به سوی دانشگاه های نسل سوم، سوابق موجود از طریق جستجو در سایتهای معتبر اینترنتی و مطالعه جدیدترین مقالات و مستندات مرتبط بررسی شده است.
نتیجه گیری: نقش مأموریت سوم دانشگاهها به بستر ساختاری و ملی بستگی دارد. اگر دانشگاه بخواهد ایده های کارآفرینی را ارتقا بخشد، شناسایی موانع سازمانی ضروری است. آنها نیازمند به وجود انبوهی از مدل های کارآفرینی به عنوان الگو برای اجرای کارآفرینی هستند. مهم است که انتظارات صنعت، دولت و دانشگاه و نقش آنها درک شود. هیچ روش منحصر به فرد و بهترین مسیر جهت کمک به توسعه اقتصادی وجود ندارد و رویکردهای مطلوب به شرایط وابسته است. نسخه اصلاح شده مدل سه گانه از دانشگاه - صنعت - دولت می تواند عملکرد دانشگاه ها در اقتصاد را بهبود بخشد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Toward the third generation of medical universities, a strategy for knowledge-based economics

نویسندگان [English]

  • Habibeh Abbasi
  • Babak Nasiri
  • Reza Sourani Yancheshmeh
  • Maryam Mosleh
Department of Management / Faculty of Management / Islamic Azad University of Tehran - West Branch
چکیده [English]

Background and Objective: The entrepreneurship grows up significantly in the last decade, showing new ways to emergent economies. With that development has become the necessity of entrepreneur education. The society look for one guidance to build new opportunities of business or some help to innovate in some way.
Analysis Method: Inthis paper which is organized by analytic and descriptive approach, in order to understand the concepts of the Third Generation University, entrepreneurship, the knowledge-based economy, literature of the subject, has been reviewed by documentary study. To illustrate the impact of the university on the economy and the essential structures toward the third-generation universities, existing records have been reviewed through search on authoritative online sites and the study of the latest articles and related documents.
Results: The third-mission of universities depends on its national and institutional context. If university wish to promote the entrepreneurial ideal, then identification of institutional barriers is a necessity. They require the existence of a mass of entrepreneurial models as a pattern to performance. It is important to understand the expectations of industry, government and university and their role. There is no unique and best way to contribute to economic development, rather optimal approaches are contextually dependent. A refined version of the triple-helix model of university– industry–government could improve the performance of universities in economies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Third-generation university
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Knowledge-based Economic

 

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