عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Biological and psychological factors are associated with cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of resiliency, spiritual well-being and social support in predicting the severity of cardiovascular disease.
Materials and Methods: A total of 327 patients with coronary artery stenosis (138 women, 189 men) participated in this study. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the Spiritual Well Being Scale (SWBS), and the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) Scale and Geszin score were used to measure the severity of cardiovascular disease in order to collect data. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and stepwise regression.
Results: The results of the study showed that there is a significant negative correlation between resilience, spiritual well-being and social support with the severity of cardiovascular disease; that is, with increasing resilience, spiritual well-being and social support, the severity of cardiovascular disease decreases . In regression analysis after controlling risk factors, three of the analyzed variables, resiliency and spiritual well-being had the ability to predict the severity of cardiovascular disease, and social support did not have such an ability, with a resiliency of 28% and resiliency plus spiritual well-being explained 35% of the severity of cardiovascular disease severity (p <0.01).
Conclusion: Based on the findings of this research, it can be concluded that along with the biological factors, consideration of the role of resilience, spiritual well-being and social support psychological factors in preventive and therapeutic interventions related to cardiovascular diseases is a special necessity.