بررسی وضعیت مدیریت دانش و ارتباط آن با تعهد سازمانی در کارکنان سازمانهای پژوهشی محور

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 سایر، مرکز ایده پروری و نوآوری، پژوهشگاه علوم غدد و متابولیسم دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، مرکز تحقیقات بهره برداری از دانش سلامت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران و مرکز تحقیقات مراقبتهای پرستاری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی ایران،‌تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، مرکز تحقیقات غدد و متابولیسم، پژوهشگاه علوم غدد و متابولیسم، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران

4 4. دانشیار، مرکز تحقیقات بهره برداری از دانش سلامت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران

5 استادیار، مرکز تحقیقات دیابت، پژوهشگاه علوم غدد و متابولیسم، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: باتوجه به اهمیت بالقوه مدیریت دانش در مراکز تحقیقاتی به عنوان یک ابزار بهره وری برای خلق دانش و نوآوری، همچنین اهمیت انگیزه و تعهد کارکنان به عنوان عاملی مهم برای پیاده سازی موفق مدیریت دانش این مطالعه با هدف بررسی ارتباط بین مدیریت دانش و تعهد سازمانی در پژوهشگران شاغل در مراکز تحقیقاتی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران انجام شد.
روش بررسی
ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات، پرسشنامه مدیریت دانش شرون لاوسون (2003) و تعهد سازمانی مودای، استیرز و پورتر (1979) بود. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات از نرم افزار آماری SPSS نسخه 25 و آمار توصیفی و استنباطی (آزمون ضریب همبستگی پیرسون) استفاده شد.
یافته ها:
یافته ها نشان داد در مجموع بین مدیریت دانش و تعهد سازمانی پژوهشگران مراکز تحقیقاتی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران رابطه مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد و پژوهشگران از سطح مدیریت دانش نسبتا مطلوب و تعهد سازمانی بالایی برخوردار بودند. همچنین آزمون ضریب همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد بین تولید،‌ کسب و سازماندهی دانش با تعهد سازمانی ارتباط مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد اما بین ذخیره،‌ انتشار و کاربرد دانش با تعهد سازمانی ارتباط معناداری وجود نداشت.
نتیجه گیری:
سطح تعهد و انگیزش کارکنان به دلیل نقش زیرساختی آن، در پیاده سازی مدیریت دانش و افزایش بهره وری و اثربخشی سازمان اهمیت دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Survey on Knowledge Management Status and its Correlation with Organizational Commitment among the Employees of Research-based Organizations

نویسندگان [English]

  • Solmaz Sadat Naghavi Alhosseini 1
  • Neda Mehrdad 2
  • Ata Pourabbasi 3
  • Bahareh Yazdizadeh 4
  • Hossein Adibi 5
1 MSc, Department of Idea Development and Innovation Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Prof, Knowledge Utilization Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran & Nursing Care Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Prof, Endocrinology and metabolism research center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Prof, Knowledge Utilization Research Center Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
5 Assistant Prof, Diabetes Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background: Considering the potential importance of knowledge management (KM) in research centers, as a productivity tool for knowledge creation and innovation, as well as the significance of employees’ commitment and motivation as an important factor for successful implementation of KM, the present study aims to investigate the association between KM and organizational commitment among the researchers working in research centers of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS).
Methods: Data gathering tools were knowledge management questionnaire developed by Lawson (2003) and Organizational Commitment questionnaire introduced by Mowday, Steers and Porter (1979), respectively. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 25) and descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were extracted by the Pearson’s correlation coefficient test.
Results: The findings showed that there is a positive and significant correlation between KM and organizational commitment among researchers of research centers affiliated to TUMS and the researchers were enjoying a relatively desirable KM level and high organizational commitment. Also the Pearson’s correlation coefficient showed that there is a positive and significant correlation between the production, acquisition and organization of knowledge with organizational commitment, but there was no significant correlation between the storage, dissemination and utilization of knowledge with organizational commitment.
Conclusion: The results of the research showed that the level of commitment and motivation of employees is critical due to its infrastructural role in implementing KM and increasing the efficiency of the organization.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Knowledge Management
  • organizational commitment
  • Research Centers
  • Tehran University of Medical Sciences

 

  1. Mohayidin M G, Azirawani N, Kamaruddin MN, Margono MM. The Application of Knowledge Management in Enhancing the Performance of Malaysian Universities. The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management. 2007; 5(3):301 – 312.
  2. Obeidat BY, Masadeh R, Bahjat Abdallah A. The Relationships among Human Resource Management Practices, Organizational Commitment, and Knowledge Management Processes: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach. International Journal of Business and Management. 2014; 9(3):9-26.
  3. Jean LE. Methods and tools for Knowledge Management in research centers; 2010. p. 1-18.
  4. Hooshmand H, Mirafzal S, Rezaeenoor J. Providing a Model for Assessing Knowledge Management Knowledge Based Organizations, Case Study of Qom University. Roshd-e-Fanavari, Quarterly Journal of Parks and Growth Centers. 2014; 10(38):65-75.
  5. Gholampour M, Talebpour M, Amirnejad S, Hosseini SE. The Relationship between Job Satisfaction with Organizational Commitment in directors and vice-principals of physical education of universities and institutes of higher education of the country. Journal of sport management and action behavior. 2010; 6(12): 25-38.
  6. Saqib M, Iqbal SMJ, Saifur RK, Choi SL. An Incorporated Structure of Perceived Organizational Support, Knowledge-Sharing Behavior, Organizational Trust and Organizational Commitment: A Strategic Knowledge Management Approach. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences. 2014; 8(1): 42-57.
  7. Rocha FS, Cardoso L, Nuria T. The importance of Organizational Commitment to Knowledge Management, Comportamento Organizacional E Gestao. 2008; 14(2): 211-232
  8. Geneviciute JG, Endriulaitiene A. Employees' Organizational Commitment: Its Negative Aspects for Organizations. Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014; 140, 558 – 564.
  9. Velickovi VM, Visnji A, Jovi S, Radulovi O, Sargi C, Mihajlovi J, et al.  Organizational commitment and job satisfaction among nurses in Serbia: A factor analysis. Nursing outlook. 2014; 62(6):415-427.
  10. Davila MC, Diaz Morales JF, Pasquini M, Giannini M. Organizational commitment in Spanish and Italian volunteers: A comparative study. Europe’s Journal of Psychology. 2010; 6 (2): 32-46.
  11. Dastranj Mamaghani N, Samizadeh R, Saghafi F. Evaluating the Readiness of Iranian Research Centers in Knowledge Management. American Journal of Economics and Business Administration. 2011; 3 (1): 203-212.
  12. Arabi SM, Mousavi S. Strategic model of knowledge management for improving the performance of research institutes. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education. 2009; 51: 1-26.
  13. Saaty AS. Marketing knowledge management strategy for improving organizational performance and competitiveness - “an applied study on private and public hospitals in Jeddah city”. European Scientific Journal. 2014; 10(1): 272-284.
  14. Horwitch M, Armacost J. Helping Knowledge Management be all it Can be. The Journal of Business Strategy. 2002; 23 (3):26-31
  15. Bontis N, Fitz-enz J. Intellectual capital ROI: A causal map of human capital antecedents and consequents. Journal of Intellectual Capital 2002; 3(3): 223-247
  16. Alvesson M. Knowledge work: Ambiguity, image and identity. Human Relations. 2005; 54: 863–886.
  17. Saleem WA, Adnan Gh, Munazza A. Person organization fit, organizational commitment and knowledge sharing attitude-an analytical study. Information Management and Business Review. 2011; 3(2):110-116
  18. Storey J, Quintas P. Knowledge management and HRM. In J. Storey (Ed.), Human resource management; 2001: A critical text: 339-363. London; Thomson Learning
  19. Hislop D. Linking human resource management and knowledge management via commitment: A review and research agenda. Employee Relations. 2003; 25(1/2): 182-202.
  20. Demirel Y, Goc K. The impact of organizational commitment on knowledge sharing, 1st Annual International Interdisciplinary Conference, Proceedings. 2013. p. 954-963.
  21. Neyestani M, Piran M, Nasabi N, Nosrati K, Maidanipour K. The Necessity of Organizational Commitment for Knowledge Sharing Case Study: Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Sociological Research. 2013; 4(1):162-171.
  22. Jenaabadi H, Pourghaz A, Sharifdejkam M. Investigating the Relationship between Knowledge Management and Organizational Commitment Elementary School Principals. International Research Journal of Management Sciences. 2014; 2(4):122-126.
  23. Mosavi Davoudi SM, Fartash K. The Impact of Knowledge Sharing on Organizational Commitment of Employees: Case Study of Iranian Manufacturing Companies. Pacific Business Review International. 2012; 5(2):1-10.
  24. Lawson Sh. Examining the Relationship between Organizational Culture and Knowledge Management [dissertation]: nova Southeastern univ.2003
  25. Kouchaki M, Ghaumi AA, Hasan Moradi N. The determine of the relationship organizational culture (Quinn Model) and feasibility of implementation of knowledge management in Iranian Gas Transmission Corporation. Quarterly Journal of Career & Organizational Counseling. 2012; 4(12): 101-124.
  26. Poursoltani H, Iraji R. The relationship between knowledge management and employee’s creativity in Physical education organization of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Journal of Human Resource Management in Sport. 2014; 1(1):61-71.
  27. Mowday RT, Steers R, Porter LW. The measurement of organizational commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 1979; 14(2): 224-247.
  28. Eydi H, Honari H, Naseri V. The relationship of emotional intelligence and organizational commitment with organizational citizenship behavior of employees of I.R. Iran sport federations. Journal of Human Resource Management in Sport. 2014; 1(1):25-35.
  29. Hosseini Shavoon A, Youzbashi A, Nasl Seraji R. Condition of Knowledge Management and Factors Affecting Its Establishment in Tehran University of Medical Sciences.  Journal of Strategy for Culture. 2015; 8(30): 137-159.
  30. Sadeghi A, Khammarnia M, Darzi S. a Study on Knowledge Management Status in the Hospital of Iran University of Medical Sciences. Sadra Medical Sciences Journal. 2013; 1(4):266-274.
  31. Zanjanizadeh H, Noghani M, Hesami Z. The level of organizational commitment of the employees of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad and its social factors. Journal of Iranian Social Studies. 2009; 3(7):1-21.
  32. Behravan H, Saeedi R. Factors Affecting the Organizational Commitment of Gas Company Employees Case Study: Central Office of Khorasan Razavi Province, Mashhad. Two Quarterly of Social Sciences. 2009; 6(2):181-199.
  33. Jadidi L, Khodamoradi M. Study of the Relationship between Knowledge Management and Organizational Commitment in Aksin Steel Company, Khuzestan, the first annual conference of applied research in electrical engineering, computer science. 2015. p.1-7.
  34. Nonaka I, Teece, D J. Research directions for Knowledge Management. In Managing Industrial Knowledge: Creation, Transfer and Utilizations. London: SAGE Publications. 2001.
  35. Jimenez-Jimenez D, Sanz-Valle R. Studying the effect of HRM practices on the knowledge management process. Personnel Review. 2013; 42(1): 28–49.
  36. Najeeb MM, Hanif MI, Hamid A A. The impact of Knowledge Management (KM) and Organizational Commitment (OC) on employee job satisfaction (EJS) in banking sector of Pakistan, International Journal of Management Excellence.2018; 11(1):1476-1491