عنوان مقاله [English]
The patients&apos file or his/her medical records are physically an inseparable property of a hospital or a health care institution but content-wise, they belong to the patient. Using this information without the patients&apos consent is not permissible unless for medical research or for the continuation of patients&apos treatment and in cases where the law permits. Furthermore, patients should be assured that the contents of their files are not disclosed to anyone without their written permission, except for the health care personnel or legal authorities. The purpose of the present study is to find a suitable answer in regard to the jurisprudential and legal nature of privacy in medical records in order to defend the patients&apos rights, which has been carried out by the descriptive - analysis method, relying on jurisprudential and legal references. It was revealed that many verses and hadiths refer to this issue in generality. Moreover, the majority of jurists&apos and lawyers&apos ideas indicate that pursuant to violation of privacy of medical records, medical responsibility is formed. On the other hand, medical records can be destroyed.