بررسی فقهی و پزشکی تعیین جنسیّت جنین توسط تکنیک(PGD)

نویسندگان

1 مدرس گروه الهیات و معارف اسلامی دانشگاه پیام نور مرکزنهاوند، نهاوند، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه الهیات و معارف اسلامی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران.

چکیده

ازجمله مسائل نوظهور فقهی، بحث تعیین جنسیّت جنین توسط تکنیک (PGD)است، در تکنیک مزبور که تحت نظارت متخصصین انجام می پذیرد، برای زوجین این امکان فراهم گردیده­است تا صاحب فرزندی با جنسیّت و ویژگی خاص شوند، گرچه استفاده از تکنیک مذکور محدود به تعیین جنسیّت نمی شود، لکن بهره گیری از آن چه با دلایل پزشکی و چه با دلایل غیر پزشکی به علت بروز محذوریت های متعددی چون اتلاف رویانها و وقوع پیامدهای منفی چون تبعیض جنسیّت، سوالات عدیده­ای­ را فرا روی فقه نهاده است از جمله: آیا تکنیک مذکور مطلقاً حرام است؟ آیا هر شخصی می تواند از این تکنیک بهره ببرد؟ آیا امثال این تکنیک ها با علم خداوند و مشیّتش سازگار است؟ آیا استفاده از این تکنیک، یک شیوه درمانی است و به دلیل نابودی رویانها مخالف با کرامت انسان نیست؟..........؛ لذا در این مقاله ضمن واکاوی سؤالات فوق، با اتکا به ادله اثبات نموده ایم که تعیین جنسیّت مطلقاً محکوم به حرمت نیست که انجام آن با دلایل پزشکی و در شرایط ضروری مجاز است. 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Jurisprudential and medical studydue to determining the sex of the fetus by (PGD) technique

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fathollah Ghorbani 1
  • Ebrahim Ebrahimi 2
1 Lecturer Department of Theology, University of PNU nahavand center, nahavand, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Theology, Literature and humanities faculty of the University of Arak, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Emerging issues, including juridical, determine its embryos by technique (PGD), a technique that
is under the supervision of specialists shall perform, allowing couples to provide has been fitted
with its specific features and the owner of the child, Although the use of the aforementioned techniques
will not be limited to its determination, But taking advantage of it, what with the reasons for
non-medical reasons with a medical and to cause numerous ban because a waste of Embryos
and the occurrence of negative consequences such as discrimination, its a several questions
on the jurisprudence is established, including:is(PGD)absolutely forbiddentechnique? Doesanyone
canusethis technique? Is this technique on sistentwith God’s desireandprovidence? Thistechnique,
as amethod oftreatmentand the destruction ofembryosisn’tcontrary tohuman dignity?
And so on. Thus,inthisarticle weexplorethese questions, we havetorely onevidencewe show that
Sexisnot absolutely bound to forbidden manners and permitted withrespectto medical reasonsandin
the circumstances necessary.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Conditional license
  • technique (PGD)
  • Sexism
  • sex selection
  • medical reasons

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