تاثیر آموزش اصول اخلاقی با روش ایفای نقش در کارآموزی بر مهارتهای اخلاقی دانشجویان پرستاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری تخصصی پرستاری، استادیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا، فسا، ایران.

2 دکتری آموزش بهداشت، استادیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا، فسا، ایران.

3 دکتری تخصصی پرستاری، استادیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا، فسا، ایران

4 کارشناسی ارشد مامایی، مربی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا، فسا، ایران

5 کارشناس ارشد پرستاری، مربی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا، فسا، ایران

6 دکتری آموزش پزشکی، استادیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا، فسا، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: پیشرفتهای روزافزون در حیطه مراقبتهای سلامت جنبه های اخالقی را نیز دستخوش تغییراتی کرده است به طوری‌که نگرانی های عمومی در ارتباط با چالشهای اخالقی در این حیطه درحال افزایش است. لذا این مطالعه با هدف بررسی تاثیر آموزش اصول اخالقی با روش ایفای نقش در کارآموزی بر مهارتهای اخالقی دانشجویان پرستاری در دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا انجام گردید.
روش بررسی: در یک مطالعه شبه تجربی 31 نفر از دانشجویان ترم 6 پرستاری در دانشگاه علوم پزشکی فسا بصورت نمونه گیری آسان انتخاب شدند و به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه آزمون و کنترل تقسیم شدند. در ابتدا 3 کارگاه آموزشی آشنایی با اصول اخالقی برای گروه آزمون برگزار گردید سپس این دانشجویان به مدت 6 هفته در کارآموزی های خود با روش ایفای نقش و با کمک سناریوهای مشخص اصول اخالقی را تمرین کردند. قبل و بعد از پایان دوره نمرههای مهارتهای اخالقی کل دانشجویان با استفاده از پرسشنامه مهارتهای اخالقی ارزیابی گردید. سطح معنی داری کمتر از 0/05 در نظر گرفته شد.
یافته ها: در کل 9 پسر و 22 دختر در این مطالعه بودند. میانگین سنی دانشجویان 21/35 سال، با حداقل 19 سال و حدا کثر 28 سال بود. اختالف معنا داری بین مشخصات دموگرافیک (سن، معدل) و نمرات مهارت های اخالقی در حیطه های مختلف پرسشنامه بین گروه آزمون و کنترل قبل از مطالعه وجود نداشت و همسان بودن دو گروه مورد تایید قرار گرفت. بعد از مطالعه نتایج آزمون ویلکوکسون و من ویتنی در تمامی ابعاد پرسشنامه اختالف معنادار آماری را بین نمرات دانشجویان گروه آزمون و کنترل نشان داد.
نتیجه گیری: نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که آموزش اصول اخالقی با استفاده از روش ایفای نقش به مدت طوالنی و در حین کارآموزی میتواند باعث ارتقای مهارتهای اخالقی در دانشجویان پرستاری گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Teaching Ethical Principles through Role Playing on Nursing Students Internship Skills

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rahele Sabet Sarvestani 1
  • Ali Khani Jeihooni 2
  • Zhila Fereidouni 3
  • Zahra Moradi 4
  • Mehdi Amirkhani 5
  • Shahnaz Karimi 6
1 Assistant professor of Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
2 Assistant professor of health education and promotion, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
3 Assistant professor of Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
4 Instructor of Midwifery, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
5 Instructor of Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
6 Assistant professor of medical education, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Objective: Directing attention to ethics and sublimity of students› academic and professional
development is deemed to be more and more essential in health care and students training. The aim of this study
was to investigate the effect of teaching ethical principles through role playing approach on nursing students›
internship skills at Fasa University of Medical Sciences.
Method and Materials: In a semi-experimental study, 31 nursing students of Fasa University of Medical
Sciences, being at 6th semester, were selected and were randomly divided into two experimental and control
groups. At first, 3 teaching workshops entitled «Familiarity with Ethical Principles» were held for the students in
the experimental group. Then, along with the help of specific scenarios, they practiced ethical principles through
role-playing techniques in their internship courses for 6 weeks. The scores on ethical skills of all students were
assessed by using an ethical skills questionnaire.
Results: The mean age of the students was 21.35 years; the youngest was 19 and the oldest was 28 years.
There was no significant difference between the demographic characteristics (age, GPA) and the scores on ethical
skills of different areas in the experimental and the control groups before performing the study; homogeneity of
the two groups was verified. After examining the results of Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests in all dimensions
of the questionnaire, a significant difference was found between the scores of the students in the experimental
and control groups.
Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that teaching ethical principles through role playing in the long
run and during internship can lead to promoting and internalizing ethical skills in nursing students

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Professionalism
  • internship
  • Learning
  • Role playing

 

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