عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction and Objective: The present study has investigated the trend of aging changes in Iran and
health costs related to the aging.
Method: This is a review study about aging in Iran. Published articles and texts about the subject were
gathered by valid websites and databases such as Web of Science, Science Direct, Google Scholar,
Springer, and Google with key words: elderly population, the costs of aging, the challenges of aging and
their solutions. After receiving the relevant articles and reading them, useful articles and papers have been
selected and used in this paper.
Results: Iran and the world are increasing in older population, and projected that nearly 25 to 30 percent
of Iran’s population will be old in 1410s. In all studies, it has been proved that with aging, treatment costs
in various forms and sections will be increased. The causes of this increase compared with other age
groups are: the continuous and frequent use of high volume of health services, the longer period of service
(such as: increased length of stay and admission to hospitals and health accommodation) higher drug and
medical’s expenses compared with other age groups because of the type of disease and response rate to
Conclusion: Elderly population is vulnerable to higher chronic diseases, and it could impose a heavy
financial costs. The appropriate insurance coverage for the elderly, the provision of long term cares, the
suitable aging facilities and equipment in the hospital and planning to train specialists in this field, increasing
the retirement age and training of health staff and personnel about long term care, and other similar cases
can be very effective in reducing the problems of aging.