ارزیابی دغدغه های دختران نوجوان در خصوص مسایل بلوغ و بررسی همسویی آن با دغدغه های مادران ایشان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

2 دکتری تخصصی روانشناسی سلامت، رکز تحقیقات غدد و متابولیسم، پژوهشکده علوم بالینی غدد و متابولیسم، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران،

چکیده

مقدمه: آگاهی از بلوغ و مسائل نوجوانی در دختران، تاثیر بسزایی در بهداشت باروری آینده جامعه دارد. با توجه به نقش مادران در آگاهی بخشی به نوجوان خود، پژوهش حاضر با هدف ارزیابی دغدغه های دختران نوجوان در خصوص مسایل بلوغ و بررسی همسویی آن با دغدغه های مادران ایشان، انجام گرفت.
مواد و روش ها: پژوهش حاضر مطالعه کیفی برای به دست آوردن اطلاعات عمیق از دختران نوجوانان و مادران آنان، به روش تحلیل محتوا انجام شد. شرکت کنندگان در این پژوهش شامل 20 دختر 12 ساله مجتمع آموزشی اهواز و مادران ایشان در سال تحصیلی 96-95 بودند که به سوالات مصاحبه ساختار یافته پاسخ دادند. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها ها به روش تحلیل محتوا صورت گرفت.
یافته ها: دو مضمون اصلی و 6 مضمون فرعی از یافته ها استخراج شد. مضمون اصلی "دیدگاه نوجوانان دختر" را می توان در سه زیرگروه "افراد مورد اعتماد"، "ابهامات نوجوانان" و "منابع اطلاعات مورد اعتماد نوجوانان" و مضمون "مسائل مربوط به مادران" را می توان در سه زیرگروه "دغدغه های مادران"، "آگاهی مادران از منابع اطلاعاتی فرزندانشان " و "آگاهی مادران از دغدغه های فرزندانشان"، طبقه بندی نمود.
بحث و نتیجه گیری: با توجه به نقش مادران به عنوان فرد مورد اعتماد نوجوانان برای آموزش درمورد بلوغ، و از طرفی عدم آگاهی مادران از نیازهای آموزشی فرزندانشان در رابطه با مسائل بلوغ، آموزش مادران درمورد مسائل بلوغ و نحوه صحیح ارتباط و جلب اعتماد نوجوان، ضروری به نظر می رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating female adolescents’ puberty challenges and comparing them with their mothers’ concerns about puberty

نویسندگان [English]

  • mahdie tehrani moghadam 1
  • Ata Pourabbasi 2
1 Department of Educational psychology, Faculty of psychology and education, Allameh Tabataba’ee University, Tehran, Iran
2 Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Awareness about puberty and adolescence in girls, plays an important role in society’s future fertility health. According to parents’ role in educating Teenage girls about puberty, this study was run to evaluate girl’s challenges about puberty and compare these challenges with their mothers’ concerns.
Materials and methods: Participants were 20 girls aged 12 years old and their mothers in an educational center in Ahwaz, Iran. Data was collected by semi-structured interview and analyzed with a content analysis method.
Results: Two themes and 6 subthemes were extracted from data analysis. Theme “puberty challenges found by adolescents” consists of three subthemes including confidante chosen to talk about puberty, puberty confusion and information source about puberty. Second theme “mother’s view” consists of three subthemes including mother’s concerns about puberty, mother’s point of view about their daughter’s information source about puberty and mother’s awareness of their daughter’s puberty challenges.
Conclusion: According to mothers’ role as their daughter’s confidante for educating puberty and on the other side, partial incompatibility of Challenges between mothers and adolescents, it seems necessary to empower mothers in effective communication with teenagers for better education of pubertal issues.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Puberty
  • adolescence
  • Mothers
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