A comparative study of faculty recruitment policies in top universities in the world and Iran

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Associate Professor of Educational Management and Planning Department, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Educational Affairs, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran

3 PhD Student in Higher Education Management, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran,


Background and objective: Nowadays, higher education has a special place in society as an institution for educating specialized human resources. One of the important factors affecting the quality of the output of the higher education system is faculty members. Utilizing the experiences of developed countries and comparative studies in this field can be one of the appropriate methods to make policies for recruiting faculty members. Considering the importance and necessity of this issue, this study aimed to compare the policies of recruiting faculty members in the higher education system of the top universities in the world and Iran.
Methods and Materials: This qualitative study is descriptive-analytical. Nine documents from top universities based on the policies of recruiting faculty members were compared with this process in Iran.
From studing the faculty recruitment policies of of selected countries and its analysis eight themes were extracted: diversity, justice, equality, transparency, priority of specific groups, international appeal, diversity and accountability.
Conclusion: Although the policies making in each country are appropriate to the cultural, social and higher education system characteristics of that country, paying attention to them, puts new horizons and new perspectives before higher education policymakers to be used to improve Iran's higher education system.


1.Weber LE. A Study of the Basic Challenges of Higher Education in the Third Millennium. 1380.
2.Forughi F KH, Iranfar S, Rezaei M. Job satisfaction and its affecting factors from the viewpoints of faculty members of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Iranian Journalof Medical Education [persian]  2008.
3.  Delanty G. Knowledge in Challenge: University in the Knowledge Society. Research Institute for Cultural and Social Studies. 2007.
4. Zakersalehi. Iranian University: Introduction to Higher Education Sociology, . ( Tehran, kavir).
5.  Lombardi John  tbAA, saeed Ghiasi Nadooshan, Ehsan Ekradi,. How universities work. 2017.
6.Hendricksson tbGNS. Academic Leadership and Leadership in the Higher Education. 2016.
7.Mardani MRe. Familiarity with the function and process of absorption and positioning of faculty members. Ministry of Science, Research and Technology recruitment center
8.  S.M MkK, Araste H.M. . Investigate the factors affecting the productivity of university faculty members, and provide a model for improvement (Case study, District 8 of Islamic Azad University). Quarterly journal of Research in educational systems. 2015:55-80. [persian].
10.  Lawhon DLE-CT. RECRUITING AND SELECTING COMMUNITY COLLEGE FACULTY. Community College Journal of Research and Practice. 2006;19.
11. N A. Pathology The policy of attracting faculty members to higher education institutions. Thesis Advisor. 2018.
12. Council of the Cultural Revolution, Approved the Objectives, Duties and Composition of Central and Executive Committees to Attract Academic Members of Universities and Institutions of Higher Education. 2008.
13. Hadi M. Investigating the Process of Recruitment of Faculty Members in State Universities of Ministry of Science and Presentation of Appropriate Patterns,Doctoral dissertation,Tehran. ,2018.
14. ahmad a. Comparative education. 2004.
15. Zakersalehi. Comparative study of the structure of university management and leadership: a case study of the board of trustees. Iranian Higher Education. 2008;8(3):79-110.
16.   Recruitment, Selection and Support for new Academic Staff at the University of Bristol,New Policy Document, University of Bristol,https://www.bristol.ac.uk/media-library.
17. Academic Appointment, Performance and Promotion Policy (MPF1299). melborn university. https://policyunimelbeduau.
18.RECRUITMENT & APPOINTMENT POLICY,MONASH University,https://www.monash.edu.
19.Recruitment, Assessment, and Selection of Academic, Faculty, Limited, and University Staff Employees, UNIVERSITY of WISCONSIN–MADISON ,https://kb.wisc.edu/53208.
20.Mehdi H. Comparative administrative law. 2012.
21. Academic Instructional Staff Appointments,https://policies.mit.edu/policies-procedures. 2018.
22. Ebrahimi Y. Attracting faculty members in universities and institutes of higher education in Iran and some prestigious universities in the world. Bureau of Cultural Studies of the Parliament of Iran. 2006.
24. Academic Selection Procedure, University of Alberta, https://www.ualberta.ca.
25. Policy and Procedures on Academic Appointments,University of Toronto, Governing Council, http://www.governingcouncil.utoronto.ca/. 2015.