شناسایی ابعاد استقلال دانشگاهی در راستای سیاستهای تحول و نوآوری در آموزش علوم پزشکی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت آموزش عالی ، دانشکده علوم انسانی ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، ساری ، ایران

2 گروه مدیریت آموزشی ، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، ساری ، ایران

3 مدیریت آموزشی ، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، ساری ، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: مهمترین محورهای تحول و نوآوری در علوم پزشکی توسعه زیر ساختها و تمرکز زدایی می باشد لذا هدف پژوهش حاضر،شناسایی ابعاد استقلال دانشگاهی در راستای تحول و نوآوری دانشگاه‌های علوم پزشکی استان مازندران بود.
روش بررسی : پژوهش از نظر هدف، کاربردی ؛ با رویکرد آمیخته و طرح اکتشافی بود و در بخش کمی با روش توصیفی-پیمایشی انجام شد. جامعه آماری در بخش کیفی، اساتید دانشگاه‌های علوم پزشکی استان مازندران با روش نمونه گیری هدفمند و با در نظر گرفتن قانون اشباع تعداد 10 نفر و در بخش کمی، اعضای هیات علمی به تعداد434نفر و با روش نمونه-گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای براساس مرتبه علمی تعداد 204 نفر به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند.جمع‌آوری داده‌ها توسط پرسش‌نامه محقق ساخته75 سوالی انجام گردید. روایی صوری و محتوایی ابزار به تایید متخصصان رسید و پایایی ترکیبی و آلفای کرونباخ آن‌ها نیز بالای 7/0محاسبه و مورد تایید قرار گرفت.جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌های تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تاییدی استفاده شد.
یافته ها : نتایج نشان داد که؛ استقلال دانشگاهی دارای دو بعد «ساختاری و محتوایی» است. بعد ساختاری دارای چهار مؤلفه استقلال(سازمانی، مالی، سیاستگذاری، روابط ملی و منطقه ای) و بعد محتوایی دارای سه مؤلفه استقلال (علمی- آموزشی، پژوهشی، فناوری) است. که بعد ساختاری با بارعاملی 990/0 دارای بیش‌ترین و بعد محتوایی با بارعاملی 961/0 دارای کم-ترین تأثیر است.
نتیجه گیری: با توجه به یافته ها وجهت حفظ کیفیت و اعتبار علمی ؛لازم است در دانشگاهها به استقلال و آزادی علمی توجه شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying dimensions of university autonomy in pursuit of transformation and innovation policies in medical sciences education

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mitra Shabani 1
  • Kioumars Niaz azari 2
  • Taraneh Enayati 3
1 Department of higher Educational administration , The human sciences faculty, Islamic Azad university , sari, Iran.
2 Department of Educational administration, The human sciences faculty, Islamic Azad university , sari, Iran.
3 Department of Educational administration, The human sciences faculty, Islamic Azad university , sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Purpose: The main focus of transformation and innovation in medical sciences is the development of infrastructures and decentralization. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the dimensions of university autonomy in pursuit of transformation and innovation in Mazandaran Medical Sciences Universities.
. Materials and Methods: This study was applied in terms of purpose with an exploratory mixed approach, and the research strategies were descriptive survey in quantitative section. The statistical population, in qualitative section, was the faculty members of Mazandaran Medical Sciences Universities, among whom 10 persons were selected through targeted sampling method based on theoretical saturation, and was 434 faculty members among whom 204 ones were selected using stratified random sampling method based on academic rank in the quantitative section as a sample.
Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire containing 75 questions. The face and content validity of the tool was confirmed by the experts, and its reliability and Cronbach's alpha with more than 0.7 were corroborated, too. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis tests were used for data analysis.
Results: The results showed that the academic autonomy had two dimensions: “structural and content”. The structural dimension had four components of autonomy (organizational, financial, policymaking, national and regional), and the content dimension had three components of autonomy (scientific-educational, research and technology). The structural and content dimensions with factor loading of 0.990 and 0.961 had the most and least dimensional effect, respectively.
Conclusion: Considering the findings, it is necessary to pay attention to scientific freedom and autonomy in the universities to maintain the scientific quality and validity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • University Autonomy
  • university
  • Medical Sciences
  • Transformation and innovation

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