نوع مقاله : پژوهشی (Original Research)
عنوان مقاله [English]
Goal:The rate of plastic surgery in Iran relative to it’s population is one of the highest in the world,knowing
the psychcosocial factors that effect this kind of surgery on the people and also why people decide to under
go such a procedure is of great importance ,this research was conducted to study the causes of people’s
tendency to undergo rhinoplasty in Tehran between years2011-2012.
Materials and Methods:this study was a cross sectional study which all of 16-50 years old Tehran
resident who wants rhinoplasty between years 2011 and 2012 had constitute its study population.After
listing all hospitals and surgical centers in which surgery was performed,research location was randomly
selected.Overall 800 patients during 8 months had been entered into the study.Data collection instrument
in this study was questionnaire which it’s validity and reliability have been confirmed.
Finding :132(16.5%)of the study subjects were male and 668(84.5%)were female .The mean and
standard deviation of age was 23.65_+2.87,and people between 18 -25 years old had the highest frequency
.Among all parameters,self esteem and peer advices had shown a significant difference between male and
female groups[p<0.05]. Low self esteem was the most important factor in motivation for rhinoplasty among
the participants in this study.
Conclusion :Low self esteem ,peer advices and social attitude toward themselves ,were the most
significant factors in tendency for this kind of surgery.assessment of the the motivation of the people for
rhinoplasty should be done by the surgeon before rhinoplasty ,in order to increases the patient’s satisfaction
and at the same time reduces the direct and indirect costs of this surgery.