نوع مقاله : پژوهشی (Original Research)
1 دکتری مدیریت آموزشی،رییس گروه تحول اداری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مازندران
2 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بابل، ایران.
3 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده فنی مهندسی و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بابل، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: In reverse learning; Instructors changed the place from direct teaching in a large group learning environment. The aim of the present study was to model the reverse learning process in education of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: The research design is also of exploratory mixed type. The statistical population in the qualitative section includes academic experts and members of the Education and Empowerment Committee of Medical Universities (Mazandaran, Tehran, Babol, etc.) and in the quantitative section includes Employees of the Department of Management and Resources Development, Health and Education Branch of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences; In the qualitative section, in-depth interviews were conducted with 12 experts using the snowball sampling method, and in the quantitative section, a questionnaire was used to measure the model using the multi-stage relative stratified method among 310 samples. The face and content validity of the questionnaire and the reliability was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha method. Data were analyzed by exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis with SPSS and Smart PLS software.
Results: The results showed that the reverse learning process has 12 dimensions in terms of learning motivation, individual factors, organizational culture factors, structural factors, the establishment of reverse learning, facilitation measures, organizational barriers and challenges, non-organizational barriers and challenges, bedding and planning, awareness, quality of education and quality of learning. The results of the quantitative section showed that all dimensions of the research paradigm model were confirmed.
Conclusion: It is Recommended to the officials of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences to provide the necessary conditions for the establishment of reverse learning, make the necessary arrangements according to the results of the present study.