نوع مقاله : پژوهشی (Original Research)
1 استادیار گروه مهندسی کامپیوتر و فناوری اطلاعات، دانشگاه صنعتی همدان، همدان، ایران
2 استادیار گروه مطالعات آیندهنگر، مؤسسه مطالعات فرهنگی و اجتماعی، تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Objective: The development of interdisciplines in higher education at the world level is a solution to accurately understand the changes and to learn how to face the challenges of the expanding world. It is because of these changes that health in the world have become complex and it is not possible to understand this field only by relying on medical sciences. Based on this, the main goal of this article is that the appropriate development model for the expansion of interdisciplines in Iran's medical sciences. In this model, we will focus on the uncertainties, describe the leading scenarios for the future development of interdisciplinary fields in Iran's medical sciences.
Methods and Materials: In this article, the expert panel method has been used to gather, prioritize and validate the factors influencing the future development of interdisciplinary studies in medical sciences universities, relying on expert meetings with the elected representatives of ten medical sciences macro-zone of the country. Also, we have used the structural-interpretive analysis method to calculate the most important factors shaping the future of interdisciplinary studies, and the modeling method has been used to formulate the development model of interdisciplinary studies in universities of medical sciences, and the uncertainty analysis method to determine the most important shaping factors in the future of interdisciplinary studies. The scenario method has been used to visualize alternative futures for the advancement of interdisciplinary development in medical sciences.
Results: In this article, the factors influencing the development of interdisciplinary knowledge, uncertainties and four scenarios for advancing interdisciplinary development in the country's medical sciences, statistics and a proposed model for the advancement and expansion of interdisciplinary knowledge in the country's medical sciences at the educational and research levels are presented.
Conclusion: The proposed model of interdisciplinary development in medical sciences based on the interaction of the two main driving forces, namely "creating dialogue and participation at the national level" and "focusing and strengthening cooperation" in other layers of the higher education system of health and health, emphasizing the role of a network of actors and key stakeholders directly and Indirect in the definition, application and development of interdisciplinary knowledge is the result of this research.